Another critical challenge for the prospect of a political compromise is the lack of common facts and information. Studies at the Pew Research Center have long documented large partisan differences in the media, with Democrats generally expressing far more confidence than Republicans. But beyond this long-standing trend, there is a consensus that common facts are rare. In a poll conducted just before the election, 85 percent of American adults said that supporters of Biden and Trump disagree not only on plans and policy, but also on the fundamentals. Even on broader issues of race, the two parties are very far apart. In a summer poll, 74 percent of Biden voters said it was “much more difficult” to be a black man in this country than to be white – a view that is shared by only 9 percent of Trump voters. And while 59% of Biden voters said whites were enjoying the benefits of society that blacks don`t have, only 5% of Trump voters agreed. In fact, voters in Biden and Trump were much more divided on these issues than those of Hillary Clinton and Trump in 2016. The many political disagreements between Biden and Trump voters are based on a more personal sense of mistrust and disillusionment, which could make compromises even more difficult, especially after the controversial presidential elections. The huge gap over the importance of COVID-19 as a voting theme is just one of the many large and small possibilities in which the virus has divided partisan camps in the year 2020. Democrats and Democrat-led independents have always been much more concerned about the virus than Republicans and GOP leanians.
Before the election, most Republicans said the pandemic was overblown and that the United States had controlled the epidemic to the best of its ability – positions rejected by most Democrats. In a summer poll, the overwhelming consensus among Democrats (94%) is that the most effective way to help the U.S. economy recover is to significantly reduce coronavirus infections to a level where more people feel comfortable in stores, schools and other workplaces. Republicans were almost evenly divided on this issue: 49% shared the Democratic perspective, while 50% said the more effective approach was to open more businesses, schools and jobs, even though there was no significant decrease in infections. The question of whether and how businesses will be opened will be of the utmost importance in the coming weeks, as the United States faces a decrease in COVID 19 cases.